An inflammation, soreness or erosion of the inner lining of the stomach is called gastritis. This inflammation can occur for short term (acute) or long term (chronic). Based on the location and nature of gastritis,
Pangastritis – Gastritis affecting entire stomach
Antral gastritis – Gastritis of a portion of stomach
Erosive gastritis – Over extended exposure to stomach acids, irritation can progress to damage and erosion of inner lining. Based on the extent of erosion, acute gastritis may either be superficial erosive gastritis or deep erosive gastritis.
Hemorrhagic gastritis – In extreme cases, erosion may be accompanied with bleeding and thus called as acute hemorrhagic gastritis.
The irritation to the inner lining of digestive system occurs due to several factors that lead to irritation in stomach and esophagus.
Imbalance in the protective chemicals and aggressive acids of digestive system.
Movement of bile from gall bladder into stomach and back flow of stomach juices into esophagus.
Repetitive or longstanding vomiting
Excessive alcohol intake
Frequent use of medications such as aspirin or other painkillers
Long standing presence of a bacteria, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in stomach,
Rarely, ischemia of stomach
Symptoms vary from person to person. Sometimes, there may not be any symptoms at all. Common symptoms include:
Bloating of stomach
Burning sensation in stomach region between meals or at night
Frequent stomach upset
Indigestion and burping
Pain in abdomen and back pain
Ulcers, erosion and bleeding
high-fiber foods such as apples, oatmeal, broccoli, carrots, and beans
low-fat foods such as fish, chicken, and turkey breast
foods with low acidity, or are more alkaline, like vegetables
drinks that are not carbonated
drinks without caffeine
Foods that are high in fat may worsen inflammation in the lining of the stomach. Some other foods to avoid because they can irritate the stomach are:
acidic foods like tomatoes and some fruits
allergenic or symptomatic foods